Electronic Cigarettes and their Components

What are electronic cigarettes?

The Electronic Cigarettes are considered as an alternative to tobacco smoking. It contains a vaporizer that is powered by using a rechargeable battery. This vaporizer then produces a puff of hot gases which gives a feeling somewhat similar to that produced by the tobacco smoke.

It carries a heating element, also called an atomizer. This atomizer actually vaporizes the liquid solution that is already present within the electronic cigarettes. This solution is called as e-liquid. It is composed of a mixture of ingredients, including: synthetic nicotine, propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, and some flavorings. Some electronic cigarettes even produce a vapor that only carries flavor, rather than having nicotine.

Components of Electronic Cigarettes

Electronic Cigarettes come with various features and designs. Some common components of Electronic Cigarettes are described as follow:

  • An Atomizer

A small heating element is installed in the atomizer, which heats up the e-liquid, and converts it into vapors. A wicking material is also present within the atomizer that is responsible for drawing liquid in.

The difference that is usually noticed in the taste is actually due to the difference in the concentrations of the ingredients in the vapors. This variation in the ingredients is caused due to the change in the atomizer. This is because the atomizer determines how much concentration of the ingredients will be passed in the vapor, thus causing variation in the flavor.

The vapor is actually produced by using a small resistance wire that is coiled around the wicking material. When short voltage is supplied to the resistance wire, it heats up, and turns the e-liquid into a vapor.

  • Cartomizers

A cartomizer is made up of an atomizer that is surrounded by poly-foam (that is soaked up in a liquid), which functions just like an e-liquid holder.

A cartomizer usually functions alone, but it can also co-function along which a tank that have even larger e-liquid storage capacity.

  • Clearomizers

The Clearomizers make use of a clear tank, which carries an atomizer. A number of wicking systems present within the clearomizers make sure that the wick is fully moistened.

  • Power

The largest component of electronic cigarettes is its rechargeable battery. The battery has an electronic sensor that gets activated whenever air is being sucked through the device. Sometime, an LED is also installed which lights up whenever the activation is triggered. However, some cheaper devices make use of a microphone to activate them.

  • Variable Voltage and Power Devices

Some electronic cigarettes have variable power or voltage vaporizers, which carry an electronic chip. Through this electronic chip the user can adjust the power that passes through the heating element. This in return adjusts the intensity of the vapor.

  • E-liquids

The atomizer uses this liquid solution to produce an aerosol. E-liquid is composed of propylene glycol (PG), polythene glycol 400 (PEG400), vegetable glycerin (VG), derived nicotine, and sometime differing level of alcohol as well. However, some e-liquids carrying no nicotine are also available in the market.



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